Casalonga UPC rules of procedure
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Version: 1 September 2022

Rule 247Fundamental procedural defects

A fundamental procedural defect under Article 81(1) of the Agreement may have occurred, for example, where:

(a) a judge of the Court took part in the decision in breach of Article 17 of the Agreement or Article 7 of the Statute;

(b) a person not appointed as a judge of the Court sat on the panel which took the final decision;

(c) a fundamental violation of Article 76 of the Agreement occurred in the proceedings which have led to the final decision;

(d) the decision was made without deciding on a request relevant to that decision; or

(e) a breach of Article 6 of the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms has occurred.
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